• They're equivalent in the mathematical sense, but not in the floating-point sense. This is a permanent problem with floating point numbers.
    for example, if (r1 + r2) is really small, the precision of its product (r1 + r2) * (r1 + r2) is going to be bad ... so it's better to avoid multiplications if you can in a formula like this
    (i didnt look at the JS translation so it's just my guess)

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